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普通高中英语课程标准(实验)附录

一、语音项目表

说明:1.语音教学是语言教学的重要内容之一。自然规范的语音、语调将为有效的口语交际打下良好的基础。语音教学应注重语义与语境、语调与语流相结合,要强调语音、语调在实际口语交流中的运用。2.英语有不同的口音,如:英国口音、美国口音等。教学中,应让学生在基本掌握一种口音的基础上,适当接触不同的口音,为他们发展交际能力打下基础。

1.基本读音

(1)26个字母的读音

(2)元音字母在重读音节中的读音

(3)元音字母在轻读音节中的读音

(4)元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音

(5)常见的元音字母组合在轻读音节中的读音

(6)辅音字母组合的读音

(7)辅音连缀的读音

(8)成节音的读音

2.重音

(1)单词重音

(2)句子重音

3.读音的变化

(1)连读

(2)失去爆破

(3)弱读

(4)同化

4.语调与节奏

(1)意群与停顿

(2)语调

(3)节奏

5.语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流中的运用

6.朗诵和演讲中的语音技巧

7.主要英语国家的英语语音差异

二、语法项目表

说明: (1)标*号的项目,七级要求理解,八级要求掌握。 (2)高中阶段的语法教学,应从语言运用的角度出发,把语言的形式、意义和用法有机...

说明:

(1)标*号的项目,七级要求理解,八级要求掌握。

(2)高中阶段的语法教学,应从语言运用的角度出发,把语言的形式、意义和用法有机地结合起来。要引导学生在语境中了解和掌握语法的表意功能。

1.名词

(1)可数名词及其单复数

(2)不可数名词

(3)专有名词

(4)名词所有格

2.代词

(1)人称代词

(2)物主代词

(3)反身代词

(4)指示代词

(5)不定代词

3.数词

(1)基数词

(2)序数词

4.介词和介词短语

5.连词

6.形容词(比较级和最高级)

7.副词(比较级和最高级)

8.冠词

9.动词

(1)动词的基本形式

(2)系动词

(3)及物动词和不及物动词

(4)助动词

(5)情态动词

10.时态

(1)一般现在时

(2)一般过去时

(3)一般将来时

(4)现在进行时

(5)过去进行时

(6)过去将来时*

(7)将来进行时*

(8)现在完成时*

(9)过去完成时*

(10)现在完成进行时*

11.被动语态

12.非谓语动词

(1)动词不定式

(2)动词的-ing形式

(3)动词的-ed形式

13.构词法

(1)合成法

(2)派生法

(3)转化法

(4)缩写和简写

14.句子种类

(1)陈述句

(2)疑问句

(3)祈使句

(4)感叹句

15.句子成分

(1)主语

(2)谓语

(3)表语

(4)宾语

(5)定语

(6)状语

(7)补语*

16.简单句的基本句型

17.主谓一致

18.并列复合句

19.主从复合句

(1)宾语从句

(2)状语从句

(3)定语从句

(4)主语从句*

(5)表语从句*

20.间接引语*

21.省略*

22.倒装*

23.强调*

24.虚拟语气*

三、功能意念项目表

1.社会交往(Social Communications) (1)问候(Greetings) (2)介绍(Introduction) (3)告别(Farewells) (4)感谢(Thanks) (5)道歉(Apo...

1.社会交往(Social Communications)

(1)问候(Greetings)

(2)介绍(Introduction)

(3)告别(Farewells)

(4)感谢(Thanks)

(5)道歉(Apologies)

(6)邀请(Invitation)

(7)请求允许(Asking for permission)

(8)祝愿和祝贺(Expressing wishes and congratulations)

(9)提供帮助(Offering help)

(10)接受或拒绝(acceptance and refusal)

(11)约会(Making appointments)

(12)打电话(Making telephone calls)

(13)就餐(Having meals)

(14)就医(Seeing the doctor)

(15)购物(Shopping)

(16)问路(Asking the way)

(17)谈论天气(Talking about weather)

(18)语言交际困难(Language difficulties in communication)

(19)提醒注意(Reminding)

(20)警告和禁止(Warning and prohibition)

(21)劝告(Advice)

(22)建议(Suggestions)

2.态度(Attitudes)

(23)同意和不同意(Agreement and disagreement)

(24)喜欢和不喜欢(Likes and dislikes)

(25)肯定和不肯定(Certainty and uncertainty)

(26)可能和不可能(Possibility and impossibility)

(27)能够和不能够(Ability and inability)

(28)偏爱和优先选择(Preference)

(29)意愿和打算(Intentions and plans)

(30)希望和愿望(Hopes and wishes)

(31)表扬和鼓励(Praise and encouragement)

(32)责备和抱怨(Blame and complaint)

(33)冷淡(Indifference)

(34)判断与评价(judgement and evaluation)

3.情感(Emotions)

(35)高兴(Happiness)

(36)惊奇(Surprise)

(37)忧虑(Worries)

(38)安慰(Reassurance)

(39)满意(Satisfaction)

(40)遗憾(Regret)

(41)同情(Sympathy)

(42)恐惧(Fear)

(43)愤怒(Anger)

4.时间(Time)

(44)时刻(Point of time)

(45)时段(Duration)

(46)频度(Frequency)

(47)时序(Sequence)

5.空间(Space)

(48)位置(Position)

(49)方向(Direction)

(50)距离(Distance)

6.存在(Existence)

(51)存在与不存在(Existence and non-existence)

7.特征(Features)

(52)形状(Shape)

(53)颜色(Colour)

(54)材料(Material)

(55)价格(Price)

(56)规格(Size)

(57)年龄(Age)

8.计量(Measurement)

(58)长度(Length)

(59)宽度(width)

(60)高度(Height)

(61)数量(Number)

9.比较(Comparison)

(62)同级比较(Equal comparison)

(63)差别比较(Comparative and superlative)

(64)相似和差别(Similarity and difference)

10.逻辑关系(Logical relations)

(65)原因和结果(Cause and effect)

(66)目的(Purpose)

11.职业(Occupations)

(67)工作(Jobs)

(68)单位(Employer)

四、话题项目表

说明:标*号的项目为八级要求。1.个人情况(Personal information)(1)Individual data(name,age,date of birth,place of birth.t...

说明:标*号的项目为八级要求。

1.个人情况(Personal information)

(1)Individual data(name,age,date of birth,place of birth.telephone number,address,postal code,e-mail address,ID number,etc.)

(2)Family data(name,age,relationship,etc.)

(3)School data(school,grade,class,teacher,etc.)

(4)Data uses(filling out forms and applications,etc.)

(5)Jobs and career(office worker,worker,teacher,doctor,farmer,driver,official,etc.)

2.家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family,friends and people around)

(1)Family and relatives(grandparents,parents,brother,sister,aunt,uncle,cousin,son,daughter,etc.)

(2)Friends(close neighbour,schoolmate,classmate,roommate,team-mate,etc.)

(3)Other people(neighbour,local shopkeeper,teacher,colleague,etc.)

3.周围的环境(Personal environments)

(1)Kinds of homes(apartment,house,dormitory,ere.)

(2)Rooms in homes(bedroom,kitchen,living room,bath room,etc.)

(3)Furniture & home items(table,chair,sofa,desk,bed, television,etc.)

(4)School(classroom,playground,hall,computer room,office,etc.)

(5)Others(grocery store,book shop,clothing store,market,bank,library,museum,cinema,theatre,park,

road,etc.)

4.日常活动(Daily routines)

(1)Getting ready(time for school,playing,bed,erc.)

(2)Routine activities(brushing teeth.washing hands and face,taking a shower,etc.)

(3)Eating(breakfast,lunch,snacks and dinner,etc.)

(4)Daily chores(tidying,sweeping,doing dishes,cooking,etc.)

(5)Homework(reading,writing,studying,etc.)

(6)Family time(watching television,going out,visiting,etc.)

5.学校生活(School life)

(1)School building(classroom,office,library,washroom,etc.)

(2)School organization(grade,class,subject,break,schedule,etc.)

(3)People(teacher,classmate,schoolmate,cleaner,etc.)

(4)Subjects(Chinese,maths,English,geography.history,etc.)

(5)Activities(sports,extra-curricular involvement,trip,etc.)

(6)Instructions(Please listen,read,get into groups,act,etc.)

(7)Educational methods(preview,review,discuss,Presentation,summary,etc.)

6.兴趣与爱好(Interests and hobbies)

(1)Lessons(music,dance,acting,sport,etc.)

(2)Games(physical games,computer games,sports,etc.)

(3)Hobbies(collecting stamps,coins,dolls,etc.)

(4)Reading(books,newspapers,comics,ere.)

(5)Cultural events(film,theatre,concert,opera,etc.)

(6)Entertainment(1istening to radio,watching TV,playing CD,DVD,etc.)

(7)Socializing(having parties,issuing invitations,going for picnics.going sightseeing,entertaining guests,etc.)

7.个人情感(Emotions)

(1)Describing feelings(happy,sad,angry,upset,pleased,proud,lonely,worried,nervous,afraid,etc.)

(2)Emotions(smiling,laughing,crying,shouting,etc.)

8.人际关系(Interpersonal relationships)

(1)People(parent,brother,sister,other family members,friend,neighbour,teacher,etc.)

(2)Social behaviour(greeting,introducing,giving thanks,asking for permission,asking for help,solving problems,dealing with conflicts,etc.)

(3)Getting together(making plans/arrangements,time,date,place,event,etc.)

9.计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)

(1)Planning(holidays,social events,travel,further education,jobs,etc.)

(2)Organising(asking for advice,asking for help,asking for permission,exploring possibilities,expressing needs and wants,etc.)

10.节假日活动(Festivals,holidays and celebrations)

(1)Cultural festivals(Spring Festival,New Year’s Day,Thanksgiving Day,etc.)

(2)Religious holidays(Christmas,Easter,Ramadan,etc.)

(3)Personal celebrations(birthday,anniversary,graduation,etc.)

11.购物(Shopping)

(1)Planning(shopping list,needs,wants,etc.)

(2)Products(clothes,groceries,personal items,electronics,etc.)

(3)Selecting(quality,weight,measure,size,colour,style,etc.)

(4)Paying(price,quantity,etc.)

12.饮食(Food and drink)

(1)Meats(beef,chicken,pork,fish,etc.)

(2)Soups(chicken,tofu,vegetable,etc.soup)

(3)Vegetables(cabbage,eggplant,etc.)

(4)Staple food(rice,bread,noodles,cake,etc.)

(5)Drinks(milk,water,juice,soft drink,coke,alcoholic drinks,beer,wine,etc.)

(6)Fast foods(sandwiches,noodles,dumplings,hot dogs,hamburgers,chips,etc.)

(7)Snacks(ice-cream,chips,etc.)

(8)Eating customs(ways of eating,kinds of food,times to eat,table manners,chopsticks,knife,fork,etc.)

(9)Requesting or offering different foods and drinks

(10)Likes and dislikes(favourite food,favourite drinks,etc.)

(11)Ordering food and/or drinks

13.健康(Health)

(1)Eating habits

(2)Physical fitness and exercise

(3)Personal hygiene

(4)Illnesses(stomachache,headache,flu,cold,etc.)

(5)Medications

(6)Accidents

(7)Doctors,nurses&hospitals

(8)Describing problems(parts of the body,pains,etc.)

(9)Medical insurance*

14.天气(Weather)

(1)Describing weather(sunny,cloudy,windy,rainy,hot,warm,cold,cool,etc.)

(2)Extreme weather(storms,gales,hurricanes,etc.)*

(3)Dressing for the weather(coat,hat,umbrella,raincoat,windbreaker,etc.)

15.文娱与体育(Entertainment and sports)

(1)Movies and theatre

(2)Music and dance(folk music and dance,popular music.classical music,etc.)

(3)Team games(football,basketball,volleyball,etc.)

(4)Games of two or four(table tennis,tennis,golf,etc.)

(5)Racing(running,swimming,horse racing,etc.)

(6)International sports events(Olympic games,World Cup,Football League,etc.)

(7)Spectators and fans

(8)Physical exercises

16.旅游与交通(Travel and transport)

(1)Methods of transportation(walking,cycling,horse riding,taking buses/trains/boats/planes,etc.)

(2)Travel(schedules,maps,tickets,fares,etc.)

(3)Getting and asking directions(left,right,straight a head,north,south,east,west,etc.)

(4)Safety rules and warnings(traffic lights,caution,walk,stop,etc.)

(5)Inquiring and making reservations(hotels,tourist spots,etc.)

(6)International travel(passports,visas,expenses,currencies,etc.)

(7)Describing a journey

17.语言学习(Language learning)

(1)Differences between American English and British English

(2)Language and culture*

(3)Language learning difficulties

(4)Attitudes to language and communication

(5)Language learning strategies

(6)Communications repair*

18.自然(Nature)

(1)Plants(green plants,trees,bushes,grass,vegetables,crops,flowers,etc.)

(2)Animals(farm animals,wild animals,endangered animals,pets,etc.)

(3)Heavenly bodies(the sun,the earth,the moon and stars,etc.)

(4)Describing land(cities,farms,hills,mountains,lakes,rivers,etc.)

(5)Natural disasters(volcano,earthquake,etc.)*

19.世界与环境(The world and the environment)

(1)Countries and maps(China,Great Britain,United States,Australia,Canada,New Zealand,Japan,Russia,India,Egypt,Cuba,etc.)

(2)Issues(pollution,land use and quality,population growth,housing,etc.)

20.科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and modern technology)

(1)Recent inventions,medical advances,technological advances,etc.

(2)Computer science,etc.

21.热点话题(Topical issues)

(1)Population*

(2)Environmental conservation*

(3)Crime and punishment*

(4)Social differences*

(5)Pollution

22.历史与地理(History and geography)

(1)General knowledge of history and geography about China

(2)General knowledge of history and geography about the world

(3)Historic events

(4)Historical persons

23.社会(Society)

(1)Nationality and people

(2)Famous people(contemporary)

(3)Law(rules and regulations,traffic codes,etc.)

(4)Ways of dressing(types of clothes,daily clothes or dress,situation and dressing,etc.)

(5)Names of religions*

(6)Religions and culture*

(7)Customs and culture

24.文学与艺术(Literature and art)

(1)Forms of literature and art(drama,novel,essay,poetry.short story,painting,etc.)

(2)Famous literary people and artists*